Socioeconomic Factor In Counseling

Society and economics role in counseling 

socioeconomic - people having a discussion regarding previous research about health disparities. These have either a positive or a negative effect on the outcomes, accessibility, and even the viability of counseling.  The following sections will extensively explain the rolesSource:

Do you think educational differences, poor health (i.e., cardiovascular diseases), occupation, physical activity, household income and wealth, and environmental health have anything in common?

If it occurred to you that they’re all socioeconomic factors, then you’re right. Whether we like it or not, our lives and society are heavily affected by these socioeconomic factors. After all, these elements got their name because of their effects on social and economic and racial and ethnic health behaviors.

Such factors can even work to influence others’ lifestyle factors and life expectancy. People who are born wealthy may have better health and greater access to quality educational and work opportunities.

They can also affect our annu rev public health behaviors and cause the development of behavioral risk factors. Those with a stable income or are wealthy can handle these health problems in a better way.

In this article, we’re focusing on how socioeconomic position can affect health counseling, according to national center / county health rankings. These socioeconomic factors have either a positive or a negative effect on the health status, health policy, accessibility, and even the viability of counseling.

The following sections will extensively explain the relative risk and roles of socioeconomic status in counseling health behaviors.

The Viability Of Counseling

The first role of social and economic factors lies in how it affects the viability of counseling. Unfortunately, counseling being a viable option is still heavily guided by the present stigma, which are not for people with coronary heart disease.

In popular culture, you can still hear characters referring to counselors as a “shrink.” This term presently has an endearing connotation. However, it has a negative history. In the past, therapists and counselors were called “shrinks” as slang for “headshrinker.”

Sadly, this stigma continues among many communities today. Some people still view population health problems in a negative light. Thus, some may be punishing and dismissive of seekin treatments of relative importance like counseling. Those who aren’t negative remain indifferent.

Because of this stigma, people who want to report socioeconomic disparities and gain health promotion and avoid health inequalities often experience the following:

  • Bullying or harassment
  • Poor understanding from supposed support systems
  • Reduced access to educational and work opportunities

These usually happen in communities where the social class have significantly higher prevalence of low socioeconomic status and poor health soc behav.

In the workplace setting, there are several misconceptions about counseling, perpetuating the stigma. Some people may even avoid acknowledging their mental health problems as it can decrease their chances of employment.

Luckily, as with the term “shrink,” many are unlearning the past and are changing their mindset about counseling. With proper education and support, counseling can become a viable option for anyone.

Self Stigma: Actively Avoiding Treatment

But there is also such a thing called “self-stigma”. Self-stigma is where a person has an internalized negative prejudice about their need for counseling. Instead of seeking the help they need, they may instead actively avoid treatment.

Self-stigma can also make someone feel like they aren’t going to get better. Combine this with the reluctance to get help can develop into a never-ending cycle of worsening symptoms. We don’t want to increase the mortality risk and be included in a national research council or a national longitudinal mortality study, right?

A person should have a positive and understanding environment for counseling to be a sound option for someone. A positive environment can then help shape individual minds, thus diminishing self-stigma.

The Accessibility To Counseling

Next, social and economic elements affect how accessible counseling is. Like many other healthcare services, counseling and therapy require money. People seeking counseling should at least have a stable financial income to pay for the treatment.

Disadvantaged people, including those without a college degree and who have lower income, have less accessibility to counseling. One study estimates that only 15% of poor children in need of mental health services receive proper treatment. This may be because they live in rural areas and may have to travel long distances just to receive treatment. They are also less likely to have insurance premiums which hinder them from seeking even decent treatment.

Financial Accessibility And Time Constraints

Aside from financial accessibility, time constraints are also imposed by socioeconomic factors. Lower educational attainment means that you are more likely to get a lower-income job. Their income may be insufficient to maintain their costs of living.

These disadvantaged people often work more hours or even juggle numerous jobs. The more hours they spend working, the less time they have to schedule an appointment with a counselor.

a woman in front of a laptop, looking so stressed and exhaustedSource:

The best way to solve this inaccessibility would be to address the social and economic barriers at their roots. Some useful steps include improving access to education and more humane job opportunities.

At the same time, counseling should also be made more accessible to the disadvantaged population. Some governments have also launched programs to make mental health services more accessible.

Counseling Outcomes

Socioeconomic status definitely affect counseling. Disadvantaged people also often experience a greater level of distress. They might develop relative risk of anger issues, cardiovascular disease, and higher body mass index because of their threatening environment. They may also feel more hopeless due to their perceived situations. These people often require more intensive counseling approaches due to the greater level of distress they initially experienced. Counseling can become inaccessible due to this.

Affecting A Person’s Compliance

Socioeconomic factor also affects a person’s compliance with counseling tasks. For example, a counselor may suggest taking time to meditate in a safe and quiet space. A disadvantaged person may not be able to achieve this simple task because of poor socioeconomic housing spaces.

health status affects counseling many times. A disadvantaged person may not be able to achieve this simple task because of poor housing spaces.Source:

Some health care counselors may perceive this noncompliance as disobedience instead of a result of unfortunate health care circumstances and socioeconomic status. Counselors need to recognize the roles of socioeconomic factors when treating their patients who have aging health, behavioral risk factors, socioeconomic differences, or self reported health issues.


Our health care discussion only proves how socioeconomic differences or health behaviors — lower socioeconomic status vs higher socioeconomic status — affect public health outcomes in many ways, according to the health research from the likes of J health soc behav, J Epidemiol Community Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Oxford University Press, or World Health Organization. Socioeconomic factors or socioeconomic status at work may dictate how you view counseling. These socioeconomic inequalities revolving around health care can also instill self-stigma, preventing you from achieving a proper health status.

Some economic factors like your income, education, environment, income inequality and overall socioeconomic status and health outcomes can become hindrances to accessing the counseling you need. Your hectic work schedule can be a challenge when it comes to setting an appointment with a health care counselor. The lack of extra income or health care insurance may prevent you from even booking a medical care consultation.

Lastly, your environment plays a significant role in your health outcomes. Socioeconomic and racial differences can affect your motivation and the social support you receive. Your socioeconomic health outcomes standing can also affect how well you follow your counselor’s advice.

women in a restaurant, ordering food looking really happy Source:

All of these show that the people disadvantaged in terms of age groups, social status, reproductive and maternal health issues, poorer health, and other psychosocial factors have an increased risk of not getting the medical care or improved human services that they need to avoid being nothing but a part of health statistics. But we can all work together to improve this situation. By breaking the stigma, improving accessibility to community development and legal services, and recognizing social determinants’ and policy implications’ limitations, counseling can become effective for anyone, no matter the socioeconomic standing or late life health outcomes.


  1. What are the various socioeconomic factors?
  2. What are some socioeconomic examples?
  3. What are the 4 socio-economic factors to be considered for career and study choices?
  4. Why are socioeconomic factors important?
  5. What is meant by socioeconomic?
  6. What are socioeconomic barriers?
  7. What can a person’s socioeconomic status affect?


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